Men's 1745 T-Shirt - Black with Scottish Thistle.
This is a Fruit of the Loom Heavy cotton tee.
It has a very large Scottish thistle in purple and green with the year 1745 underneath.
In 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie traveled to Scotland, with a few supporters (possibly less than a dozen), and arriving on the Isle of Eriskay. He set about rousing the Highland Clans to support his cause of restoring the the Stuarts to the Throne of Scotland and England. Many of the Scottish people believed in the 'divine right of Kings', in other words, the unquestioning right of the Stuarts, chosen by God, to regain the thrones they had lost. William III's successors were from the German House of Hanover, and the current King, George II, was regarded by many as a foreigner. The fact that Charles Edward was born in Italy, his mother Maria Clementina Sobieski was Polish, and was therefore also technically a 'foreigner' escaped them.
Bonnie Prince Charlie was embraced by some, but not all, of the Scottish Clans. The Prince raised his father's (the Stuarts) standard at Glenfinnan in Scotland on the 19th August 1745, and so initiated what was to be referred to as the "'45", effectively the last Jacobite Uprising. Among his supporters were 300 from the Macdonald Clan and 700 from the clan Cameron.
The rebels quickly took control of Edinburgh and by September 1745 had defeated the King's army (led by John Cope) at Prestonpans. Several victories followed and Bonnie Prince Charlie's' army grew in number, at one point reaching over 6000.
Spurred on by the victories they crossed the border into England and got to within 130 miles of the capital London. Unfortunately, the English Catholics failed to support the Jacobite rebellion, the expected French support was non-existent and many of the English were content with the stable, placid rule of George II. This apathy and lack of support plus the might of the King's army forced the Jacobites to withdraw back to Scotland. They had only managed to reach Derby.
The Battle of Culloden, near Inverness, followed on the 16th April 1746 and the Jacobite army suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of the 'Butcher of Cumberland', William Augustus the Duke of Cumberland. The Battle itself lasted for only about one hour but a widespread massacre of Scots, many of whom were not even involved in the Jacobite Uprising, followed.
Thousands were killed and the Battle of Culloden Moor went down as one of the bloodiest in Scottish history. The defeat effectively put an end to the last Jacobite Uprising and the Prince was now a fugitive. On the run he spent the next five months in hiding in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland assisted by his supporters. A ransom of 30,000 pounds (equivalent to $1 million in today's currency) was placed on his head but despite this no one betrayed him to the authorities.
The defeat at Culloden had wide-reaching implications for the Scots. The English government imposed strict laws, especially targeting the Clans. These included making it illegal for Highlanders to carry instruments of War (e.g. swords, targes and bagpipes) or to wear the tartan and the kilt. Jacobite supporters were either executed or forced to emigrate and their land was turned over to George II who distributed it amongst his English supporters.
The 'Highland Clearances' also became law, where landowners now found it more profitable to keep sheep on land that had always been used for farming. Many Highlanders now found themselves without a home and there was a surge of people moving from the country to the new, emerging cities.
Culloden thus changed the ancient Clan system forever. Emigration resulted in Scots scattered all over the world and intermarriages with other cultures and races became inevitable. Thus, Bonnie Prince Charlie's' failed attempt to regain the thrones for the Stuarts had a wide-reaching and long-lasting impact on Scottish culture and on suppression of the Scots by the English.
The greatest manhunt in history culminated when Bonnie Prince Charlie arrived on the Island of Benbecula, and when he met Flora Macdonald. Flora was not an ardent Jacobite supporter but felt that she could not betray the Bonnie prince. They met in the summer of 1746; the islanders aware of the Prince's presence on the island were frightened of British Government reprisals.
Flora helped to spirit him away to the Island of Skye, dressed in disguise as her maid 'Betty Burke'. Legend has it that Flora and Bonnie Prince Charlie fell in love that summer - she did keep a lock of his hair to remember him by - but the reality was probably that she felt sorry for the handsome Prince. He was assisted by supporters to escape to France where he lived before finally settling in Rome under the alias of the 'Duke of Albany'.
Flora was captured for her part in the Prince's escape and spent some time in the Tower of London before being released. She became famous for her role in the Jacobite matter, subsequently marrying her childhood sweetheart Alan Macdonald. They emigrated to North Carolina where her husband served on the British side during the American Revolution. When he was captured she returned to Scotland and Alan followed her back there when he was released. She died in 1790 and is buried on Skye. Legend has it that she was wrapped in the Prince's bed sheet.